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A Brief History of the Contemporary Paleo Diet Movement. INTRODUCTIONIn order to appreciate any concept, including the Paleo Diet, it is important to recognize its history and how it came to be.
Most of you are aware that Paleo and particularly Paleo diets have recently become very hot, on trend topics. These ideas have become household words in the past few years; however it hasn. Below is a graph from Google Trends for the words . So, I can personally tell you how it all began and my involvement in it.
Figure 1. 2. 5 June 2. Last October, I approached my 6. I was part of the 6. Later as a lifeguard at Lake Tahoe, my friends and I read all of the now classic vegetarian diet/health books such as Francis Moore Lappe? I even attended a Dick Gregory lecture in Seattle and got to shake this famous comedian.
Almost everyone seemed to own a juicer. Each summer, instead of shying away from the sun and using sunscreens, we all tried to get the deepest tans possible. As my lifeguarding days drew to a close in 1. Lorrie and I had just begun to eat Paleo. For the first 5- 1.
Eaton made in a subsequent paper was that cereal grains were rarely or never consumed by pre- agricultural hunter- gatherers. At first, I simply filed all of these scientific papers and documents into a single file folder I labeled . Stone Age people did not drink milk or consume dairy products. So, I created a file folder labeled . In 1. 99. 4, I eventually mustered enough courage to telephone (no one used email then) the man who was responsible for my collection of articles on anything and everything related to Paleo.
Eaton is a true gentleman and scholar in every sense of the word. Artemis Simopoulos in Athens, Greece. Artemis was a wonderful hostess for the conference, and during my two week stay in Greece we had many conversations about diet and health. I mentioned that I had written a partially completed manuscript on the nutritional shortcomings of cereal grains. About a year later she asked me if I could complete the paper and submit it for publication in a scientific journal she edited. There is no doubt in my mind that without Dr.
Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on the Quality of Life in 16 Patients With Advanced Cancer A Pilot Trial. Melanie Schmidt; Nadja Pfetzer; Micheal Schwab; Ingrid Strauss. A Ketogenic Diet for Beginners. A ketogenic diet (keto) is a very low-carb diet, which turns the body into a fat-burning machine. It has many potential benefits for. Healthy habits can go out the window when we. Losing weight isn't easy
The Paleo Diet and Paleo lifestyle are clearly much larger than either my writings or Boyd Eaton. Hundreds if not thousands of scientists, physicians and people from all walks of life are responsible for creating this incredibly powerful idea that can be used to bring order and wisdom to dietary and lifestyle questions and issues. Some of the key players who came before Dr. Eaton in the Paleo diet and lifestyle world require no introductions. It still amazes me that the most powerful idea in all of biology (evolution via natural selection) generally had not been applied to nutritional thought until 1.
Dr. Obviously, Charles Darwin started it all, but a number of noteworthy people had already recognized the value of ancestral dietary patterns decades before the publication of Boyd. This book is a real treasure and contains hundreds of photographs of non- westernized people in exquisite health taken in an era when modern processed foods were not universally available. Price noted that wherever and whenever modern diets were adopted by non- westernized cultures, their health declined. His statement was just as true then as it is today. An intriguing aspect of early books like Dr. Price noted that in Europe, heliotherapy (sunbathing) was being effectively used to treat tuberculosis.
At the time and even decades later, these kinds of observations were commonly ridiculed by the . The more sun you get, the more vitamin D is produced. Blood concentrations of vitamin D regulate the synthesis of a recently identified substance called cathelicidin which turns out to be one of the most potent antimicrobial (bacteria killing) peptides that our bodies produce. Cathelicidin shows specific killing activity against bacteria that cause tuberculosis,3. D insufficiency is a risk factor for tuberculosis. Other early popular books touching upon ancestral diets and health include. Without the evolutionary template correctly in place, these early books were incomplete and inconclusive.
Following in the footsteps of Boyd. George Williams and Randy Neese from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. Although this paper is now more than 2. Here. Modern environments may cause many diseases. Many orthodox physicians focus upon relieving short term distress by prescribing pharmaceuticals to block these responses. Darwinian Medicine would say these responses are not necessarily harmful, but rather signify the body’s effort to remedy a problem. In most situations coughing when you are sick is a natural and healthy response because it helps to purge disease causing microbes from your throat and lungs.
Similarly fever increases your body temperature which helps to destroy pathogens that have infected your body. Medications that suppress coughs and block fever may relieve symptoms but may actually prolong the illness. Obviously, certain extreme situations necessitate a balanced approach between our body. For example, blocking fever can prevent febrile seizures and stopping vomiting can prevent severe dehydration.
The message is clear. We need to balance our hunter gatherer genetic legacy with the best technology of our modern world. THE PROOF IS IN THE PUDDINGHaving been a faculty member at a Division I Research University for 3.
I can tell you that your personal experience with the Paleo diet and a dollar will buy you a single cup of coffee in the scientific community. Your real world experiences have little or no traction in the academic community of science and medicine. For instance, a multitude of well controlled experimental studies had already confirmed beyond a shadow of a doubt that low glycemic load diets improved health and promoted weight loss. The Paleo diet is a low glycemic load diet. Yet again, the Paleo diet is a high protein diet. Even in 2. 00. 2, when The Paleo Diet first came into print, you would have been hard pressed to find a single nutritionist who would disagree with the notion that omega 3 fats improved health and well being in almost every conceivable way.
Do I need to repeat myself? The Paleo diet is a diet rich in omega 3 fats. By 2. 00. 2 when my first book came into print, the thousands of scientific papers were independently verified that certain individual aspects of the Paleo diet normalized body weight and improved health and wellbeing. Nevertheless, at that time, not a single study had yet examined all of the combined nutritional characteristics of the Paleo diet. Was a diet high in animal protein, omega 3 fats, monounsaturated fats, vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, fiber and low in salt, refined sugars, cereal grains, dairy products, vegetable oils and processed foods healthy?
Was it more healthful than the officially sanctioned USDA My Plate Diet or even the highly touted Mediterranean diet? The direct scientific answers to these questions had yet to be answered in 2. Fortunately, in the past eight years a number of scientists worldwide have dared to test contemporary versions of humanity. Staffan Lindeberg (M. D., Ph. D.) from Lund University in Sweden. Staffan became interested in Paleo diets almost 2.
Kitavans,1. 4- 1. Papua New Guinea. The Kitavans obtain virtually all of their food from either the land or the sea and have little contact with the modern world. Common western foods such as cereals, dairy, refined sugars, vegetable oils and processed foods are nearly absent from their diets.
Predictably, these people represent the epitome of health compared to the average citizen living in the western world. High blood pressure and type 2 diabetes are non- existent,1. I doubt that you could round up a random group of 2,0. Kitavans. In the late 1. I first began corresponding with Dr. Lindeberg on the then youthful internet. One study that stood out to both of us was an incredible experiment performed by Dr.
Predictably, all 1. Mowwanjum in the northern Kimberley region of Western Australia. All agreed and traveled back into the isolated land from which they originated.
Their daily sustenance came only from native foods that could be foraged, hunted or gathered. Instead of white bread, corn, sugar, powdered milk and canned foods, they began to eat the traditional fresh foods of their ancestral past: kangaroos, birds, crocodiles, turtles, shellfish, yams, figs, yabbies (freshwater crayfish), freshwater bream and bush honey. The average weight loss in the group was 1. Insulin and glucose metabolism became normal, and their diabetes effectively disappeared. Dr. Lindeberg and I both realized that this type of experiment would probably never be repeated simply because the hunter- gatherer lifestyle is nearly extinct, and very few contemporary people have the knowledge or skills to live entirely off the land.
Back in those early days of our friendship, we both had the same vision. This experiment should be conducted in a slightly different manner but not with westernized, former hunter- gatherers. Why not take a group of typically unhealthy westerners and put them on commonly available contemporary foods that mimic the nutritional characteristics of hunter- gatherer diets?
Wow, what a great idea! We both knew that this experiment was precisely what Dr. Eaton had in mind with his inspirational paper way back in 1. RECENT EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF THE PALEO DIETIt took nearly 2. Dr. Osterdahl and co- workers at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.
Dr. Lynda Frasseto (M. D.) from the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine. Although science may move slowly, it eventually does move forward as old ideas are replaced with new and better thoughts and information.
I can assure you that this fundamental diet and lifestyle concept based upon evolutionary biology is not a fad and will not fade away. In his first study in 2. Dr. Lindeberg and associates placed 2. Paleo diet or a Mediterranean diet based upon whole grains, low- fat dairy products, vegetables, fruits, fish, oils, and margarines.
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